Technology and the Civil War - A. J. Crozier - Google книгиPublished in September , the collection draws articles from the archives of Scientific American. Any Civil War buff is familiar with the technological advances of that era: the carnage caused when tactics failed to accommodate breech-loading rifled muskets and artillery pieces, the truly revolutionary introduction of armored ships and railroad networks, and the merely tantalizing deployment of submerged warships and reconnaissance balloons. Fewer people realize, however, that a similar explosion in technological creativity occurred away from the battlefield. Newspapers became tools of mass communication in the s with the invention of the rotary press and the application of steam power to printing. These and other innovations brought down the price of newspapers; by the s and s newspapers such as the trio of New York papers founded during this time—the Tribune , the Sun and the Herald —were sold for a penny and reached massive audiences.
Technology and the Civil War
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Technologies ranged from hot air balloons to submarines. New weapons such as rifles allowed soldiers to fire accurately at long distances. The use of Photography meant that the war was the first conflict to be recorded on a large scale with actual photographs instead of paintings. Commanders in the Civil War also made great use of the telegraph on a massive scale. Never before in warfare had communication been made so easy and instantly.
Aide-de-Camp : A soldier who was appointed by an officer to be his confidential assistant. The aide wrote and delivered orders and held a position of responsibility which required him to know troop positions and where officer quarters were located. The aide-de-camp was an officer by virtue of his position and he took orders from his commander only. Antebellum : pronounced an-tee-bel-uhm A term often used to describe the United States of America before the outbreak of the Civil War. Army : The largest organizational group of soldiers, made up of one or more corps. There were 16 Union armies named after rivers, such as the Army of the Potomac and 23 Confederate armies named after states or regions, such as the Army of Northern Virginia.
The American Civil War , fought between the Union and Confederate forces, took place from to During the war, a variety of weapons were used on both sides. These weapons include edged weapons such as knives and swords, firearms such as, rifled-muskets , breech loaders and repeating weapons , various field guns such as artillery, and new weapons such as the early grenade and machine gun. The Civil War is often to referred as the first "modern" war in history as it included the most advanced technology and innovations of warfare available at the time. Jeb Stuart with cavalry saber. In , Joseph E. Brown , governor of Georgia, proposed issuing pikes to the State militia to compensate for the shortage of guns.