Drilling and blasting of rocks pdf

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drilling and blasting of rocks pdf

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Drilling and blasting is the controlled use of explosives and other methods such as gas pressure blasting pyrotechnics, to break rock for excavation. It is practiced most often in mining , quarrying and civil engineering such as dam , tunnel or road construction. The result of rock blasting is often known as a rock cut. Drilling and blasting currently utilizes many different varieties of explosives with different compositions and performance properties. Higher velocity explosives are used for relatively hard rock in order to shatter and break the rock, while low velocity explosives are used in soft rocks to generate more gas pressure and a greater heaving effect.
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Let's Blast! - Industrial Explosives During Blasting #Engineering

Drilling and blasting

Rock breakage with explosives has existed since the seventeenth century when black powder came into use in mining. Since then it has progressed from the invention of dynamite to the use of heavy ANFO. During the past two decades, there have been numerous technical contributions which have brought a better understanding of rock fragmentation with explosives, an improvement in drilling equipment and a noticeable evolution in the development of new explosives and blasting accessories. The Geomining Technological Institute of Spain ITCE , aware of this progress and of the importance which the breakage process has acquired in mining and civil engineering projects, has ordered the publication of Drilling and Blasting of Rocks. The purpose of this Handbook is to give basic knowledge of the drilling systems, the types of available explosives and the accessories and the parameters that intervene in blast designing, whether controllable or not; at the same time the objectives and contents contribute to improved safety in mining. The Handbook is meant for all professionals who are involved with explosives in mining operations and civil engineering projects, as well as for students of technical schools. Search all titles.

This work has been totally financed by the Geornining Technological Institute of Spain under contract with the E. Cornpany Estudios y Proyectos Mineros, S. Authorization to photocopy iterns for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by A. For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by CCC, a separate systern of payrnent has been arranged. Balkerna, PO. Drilling parameters 4.

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International Journal of Geo-Engineering. December , Cite as. One of the inseparable parts of mining activities is blasting which one of its important outcomes is fragmentation. Fragmentation is the first result of blasting that is directly related to the mining costs. There are various methods for determining the degree of fragmentation which are divided into two groups, direct and indirect methods. Among direct methods, sieve analysis and, among indirect methods, observational, empirical and digital image processing methods may be referred. In this study, which dealt with the amount of fragmentation in Pir Ali limestone mine, the digital image processing method and Split Desktop software that is the most efficient software in this respect were used.


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